Assyria


Assyria
   Akingdom situated in northern Iraq that was renowned for its warring capabilities. Assyria benefited from the destruction of Mitanni and the Hittite Empire and expanded southward to conquer Mesopotamia and westward to Syria and Palestine, whose states were annexed or reduced to vassal status. The kingdom came into conflict with Egypt at the beginning of Dynasty 25, but its forces were kept at bay until the reign of Esarhaddon (681–69 BC), who invaded Egypt in 671 BC. Nubian ruler Taharqo of Dynasty 25 was defeated and driven south, and members of the royal family were captured, but Assyrian forces were eventually expelled.
   The son and successor of Esarhaddon, Ashurbanipal (669–27 BC), renewed the campaign, took Memphis, and drove Taharqo south again. The local princes of the Delta submitted, notably Nekau I of Sais of Dynasty 26, who became the chief Assyrian vassal after the other princes were executed for disloyalty. The new ruler of Dynasty 25, Tantamani, invaded Egypt from Nubia in 664 BC, after the departure of the main Assyrian forces, and killed Nekau, whose son, Psamtik I, fled to Assyria for protection. In 663 BC, the Assyrians returned, defeated the Nubians, and sacked Thebes. During Psamtik I’s long reign, the control of Assyria gradually weakened due to internal difficulties, and Egypt regained independence. When the Assyrian kingdom was destroyed in 612 BC, the remnants appealed to Egypt for help, and Nekau IIinvaded Palestine as an ally but was defeated by the Babylonians at the battle of Carchemish in 609 BC, after which Assyria disappeared as a political entity.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Assyria — [ə sir′ē ə] ancient empire in SW Asia in the region of the upper Tigris River: at its height (7th cent. B.C. ), it extended from the head of the Persian Gulf to Egypt and Asia Minor: original cap. Ashur; later cap. Nineveh …   English World dictionary

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  • ASSYRIA —    The heartland of Assyria lies in the northern area of presentday Iraq, alongside the river Tigris, from the Anatolian foothills to the range of the Jebel Hamrin. Other important waterways to the east are the Upper and the Lower Zab, which run… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Assyria — One of the great empires of the ancient world, occupying a fertile area east of the River Tigris, corresponding to modern northern Iraq. In the city of Nineveh pottery which has been discovered is proof of habitation in the period 5000–3000 BCE,… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Assyria —    A region of ancient Mesopotamia that became the heartland of a series of Assyrian empires. Assyria was located in the region now occupied by northern Iraq, near the Tigris River. It stretched northward toward the foothills of the mountains of… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Assyria — /euh sear ee euh/, n. an ancient empire in SW Asia: greatest extent from ab. 750 to 612 B.C. Cap.: Nineveh. * * * Ancient empire, southwestern Asia. It grew from a small region around Ashur (in northern Iraq) to encompass an area stretching from… …   Universalium

  • Assyria —    The name derived from the city Asshur on the Tigris, the original capital of the country, was originally a colony from Babylonia, and was ruled by viceroys from that kingdom. It was a mountainous region lying to the north of Babylonia,… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary


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